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SCOUTING IN ROMANIA

ASOCIATIA CERCETASII ROMANIEI

ROMANIAN BOY SCOUTS ASSOCIATION

The first patrol of Boy Scouts appeared in Romania in 1912, due to a group of professors, physicians, soldiers, etc (Gh. Munteanu -Murgeci, Alex. Borza, V. Ghidionescu, C. Costa-Foru, N. Iorga, I. G. Duca and Colonel G. Berindei) who knew the Scout Movement in Great Britain, France, Belgium, and Germany.

The translation, into Romanian, of the book "Scouring for Boys" by Baden-Powell appeared in 1915. That same year saw the official founding of the Cercetasii Romaniei (The Romanian Boy Scouts Association). On this occasion, Robert Baden-Powell sent a message of congratulations, with the mention that Scouting should be adapted to the local situation.

During the first World War the Boy Scouts were very active. Ecaterina Teodoroiu guided a patrol of Scouts and Guides and she died as a heroine. Many Scouts, who helped the transporting of the wounded were killed during the air attacks. On the 29th of September 1916 Baden-Powell sent a message expressing the regret of the Scouts for the death of their brothers of Romania. At the end of the war, the Boy Scouts marched in the front of the Victory-Train, under the Triumphal Arch.

In 1920, sixty-seven Romanian Boy Scouts and their leaders were present at the first World Jamboree in London, England. Between the two World Wars, the Scout Movement developed a great deal in Romania. Many patrols were formed in towns and even in villages. Many camps, socials, expeditions and spectacles were organized. A great number of magazines, literary writings and pedagogical studies were published for Scouts and their Chiefs. Mircea Ellade was a devoted Boy Scout.

In 1930, the first Romanian Scout Jamboree took place in the presence of Hubert Martin and many delegations of Scouts and Guides from other countries. The Boy Scout Movement had, then, 45,000 members and the Guides Movement had 14,000. The organizer and Chief of the Guides Movement was Princess Lleana, the daughter of Queen Mary of Romania.

Later on, when the extremist movements (fascism, communism) divided the young generation, the Scout Movement remained an oasis of democracy, tolerance, peace and fraternity. It preserved its apolitical character, without discrimination of class, race and religion. The Scout Movement remained an oasis of democracy, tolerance, peace, and fraternity. Unfortunately, in 1937, Romanian Scouting was replaced by a dictatorial organization (Strajoria). After the Second World War, there were attempts to restore the Scout Movement in Romania, but the communist system banned it totally. After the revolution of December 1989, the former Scouts and others, despite the difficult conditions, act for the revival of Scouting in Romania.

When communism collapsed, Romanians revolted and created a democratic government. Scouting was reborn in 1991 and in 1993, gained recognition by the World Bureau (WOSM) in 1993. Today, there are 4,930 registered Scouts.

Program Sections:

Elves/ Cubs- 8 to 11

Pioneers/ Scouts- 12 to 14

Explorers/ Venturers- 15 to 18

Seniors/ Rovers- 18 to 21

Scout Motto:

Gata Oricand.Be Prepared

Scout Oath:

Promit pe onoarea mea sa fac tot ce este posibil pentru, a servi patria mea Romania si credinta mea Dumnezeu, a ajuta pe aproapele mea in orice moment, a ma supune Legii Cercetasului.

I promise on my honour to do all that is in my power in order to: Serve my country, Romania, and my belief, Help my fellow man in any moment, Respect the Scout Law, So help me God.

Scout Law:

 Cercetasul isi iubeste patria sa, Romania si pe toti cei care traiesc in ea

 Cercetasul este loial, isi respecta cuvantul dat, nu minte, este curat in gand, in vorba si in fapta

 Cercetasul este util si isi ajuta semenii in orice situatie, este un prieten pentru toti si frate cu toti Cercetasul

 Cercetasul este econom si cumpatat, este ingaduitor cu altii si sever cu sine, isi ingrijeste corpul si duce o viata sanatoasa

 Cercetasul iubeste si ocroteste natura si este bun cu animalele

 Cercetasul isi respecta si asculta parintii, sefii si profesorii si este disciplinat in tot ceea ce face

 Cercetasul este credincios si respecta credinta celorlalti

 Cercetasul este curajos si increzator in puterile sale, vioi si plin de insufletire

 Cercetasul se straduieste sa faca in fiecare zi o fapta buna, oricat de neinsemnata ar parea ea

 The Scout loves his country, Romania and all the people who live in it

 A Scout is loyal, trustworthy, he never lies; his mind and actions are clean

 A Scout makes himself useful; he helps others in any situation; he is every ones friend and the brother of all the Scouts

 A Scout is thoughtful and moderate, he is tolerant with others and severe with himself, he takes care of his body and leads a healthy life

 A Scout loves and protects nature and he is good to animals

 A Scout loves and obeys his parents, his chiefs and his teachers and he is disciplined in everything he does

 A Scout is faithful and he respects other's faith/religion

 A Scout is courageous and he trusts his own powers; he is joyful and full of life

 A Scout likes to study and he teaches others

 A Scout strives to make a good deed every day, however small it might seem

by Ken Wiltz and with information forwarded him by Professor Dr. Mircea Stefan of Bucharest, Romania. Additional information and translations provided by Paul Iacobas.

If you have any additional information, please send it to me at:

n2zgu_g@pipeline.com

Last updated on December 6, 1999